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Trump presents peace plan that supports Israel's key interests

The so-called agreement of the century grants Israel historical demands and subjects the creation of a Palestinian state to difficult conditions.

The president of the United States, Donald Trump, has presented in the White House the so-called agreement of the century for the Middle East, a grandiloquent name for a peace plan that is born wounded to death, despite the almost three years it has been in development. The proposal gives Israel much of its historical aspirations, while offering the Palestinian authorities a road map to the state itself subject to so many conditions that make it unlikely. That Trump set out the plan accompanied by only one of the parties, the exultant Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, gave a good account of the project's flight of chicken.

"Today Israel takes a big step towards peace," Trump said from the East Room of the White House. This is, he said, "an opportunity for both parties to win, a realistic two-State solution that solves the risk of the Palestinian State to the security of Israel," he stressed.

The plan forged by Washington more than doubles the territory under Palestinian control, according to the White House, although this enlargement is impossible to identify on the maps that the specific document projects on that future State. Under the title of The Vision, that future Palestinian State would comprise the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which would be connected by tunnels or elevated roads and leave the sought-after Jordan Valley under Israeli military control.

The proposal freezes for four years the construction of new settlements in order to enable the solution of the "two States", but asks the Palestinian authorities to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's only capital, discards the dismantling of existing settlements and establishes the consideration of Israel as a Jewish state, three points that complicate the approval of the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas.

The proposal includes a rain of 50,000 million dollars (45,420 million euros) in investments for 10 years to promote prosperity, but that does not just convince the Palestinian authorities. Half would go in principle to Gaza and the West Bank and to neighboring countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

"President Abbas, if you accept this path to peace, the United States and many other countries will be there to help you," the US president appealed, after admitting that his Administration had been very favorable to Israel and ensuring that he now wished it was "Very good also for the Palestinians."

Jerusalem, where cultures and beliefs intermingle, is the heart of the conflict in the Holy Land. In the original partition plan of Palestine under British mandate approved by the UN in 1947 an international statute was reserved for it, apart from the planned Jewish and Arab states. But it was divided by force of arms in 1949, with the eastern sector under Jordanian control, and occupied entirely by Israel in the Six Day War, in June 1967. A third of its 900,000 inhabitants are Palestinians, with the right of residence but without nationality in his hometown. The Agreement of the century seems to point to a return to the Palestinian Authority of several districts in the east and north that add up to 100,000 neighbors, separated in fact for 15 years by the separation wall erected by the Army after the explosion of violence from the Second Intifada

The Palestinians have always demanded to return to the 1967 borders, which would imply establishing the capital of their future State in East Jerusalem, where the walled enclosure of the Old City is included with the sacred places of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. In all the previous peace plans, the mediators preferred to postpone the final statute of the Holy City until a definitive agreement was reached between Israelis and Palestinians. Trump ended the international consensus in 2017 with a statement recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Since then all the bridges between the White House and the Palestinian Authority are broken and this Tuesday the American put a new nail in the coffin.

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