Iranian President Rohani visits facilities during nuclear technology day
Uranium enrichment will accelerate announces Iran
As of this Friday, September 6, Iran will reactivate its centrifuge installation to accelerate uranium enrichment. President Hasan Rohani ordered on Wednesday night those responsible for the atomic program to lift all limits on research and development that Tehran accepted under the 2015 nuclear agreement. This is the third step taken by the Islamic Republic since the last May he decided to respond to the abandonment of the pact by the US a year earlier.
"From this moment I announce the third step," Rohani said on state television. "From Friday, we will see research and development in different types of centrifuges and new centrifuges, in addition to everything necessary to enrich uranium in an accelerated manner," he explained. "All limitations to our Research and Development program will be lifted from Friday," he said.
That day is the second 60-day deadline with which Iran tries to pressure the remaining signatories of the nuclear agreement (in addition to the US, Russia, China, United Kingdom, France and Germany) to adopt measures that allow it to sell oil , your main source of income. Tehran promised to limit its atomic program in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions that harbored its economy. Since the unilateral withdrawal from Washington in May 2018, its economic sanctions have dropped Iranian oil exports by 80%.
The European signatories, with the support of the EU, have tried to circumvent the very tough US measures (which reach third-country companies that negotiate with Iran) with the creation of their own financial mechanism, but the difficulties to make it effective have Iranian patience overflowed. Tehran announced in May that it would cease to fulfill its nuclear commitments progressively. And last July it exceeded both the enriched uranium reserves (300 kilos) and the degree of purity to which it can maintain it (3.67%) that the agreement allows.
Trying to overcome that dead end, France has offered Iran a credit line of 15,000 million dollars until the end of the year in exchange for its nuclear commitments. The Iranian government, which faces the worst recession since its war against Iraq three decades ago, has welcomed the proposal. However, internal pressures by the toughest wing of the regime (and the fear that the US can block it) have prevented it from waiting for it to take shape and has chosen to take this new step. However, Rohani recalled that if in the next 60 days Europeans manage to make the agreement viable, they will fulfill their terms again.
The growing pressure from the US on Iran (this Wednesday again expanded its list of sanctioned Iranian people and entities) has raised tension over the entire Persian Gulf region. The demolition of an American drone by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard led the US president, Donald Trump, to order a bombing that was only canceled at the last minute. Meanwhile, various incidents, from sabotage of ships to catches of tankers, have jeopardized the safety of maritime transport and made insurance more expensive.