The consumption of electronic cigarettes
Electronic cigarettes do increase the risk of lung diseases
The consumption of electronic cigarettes increases the risk of developing the same lung diseases as ordinary smokers and, in addition, they are the door for the use of other drugs such as cocaine, specialists warned.
“The substances in the liquid of these systems are extremely harmful. However, they are promoted as harmless devices when they are not, ”Juan Zinser Sierra, president of the Mexican Council against Smoking, told Efe.
The specialist said that, according to studies conducted in the United States, the lung damage caused by these cigarettes known as electronic nicotine delivery systems (SEAN) affects young people, who are the ones who use it the most.
According to the studies he cited, there is a close link between the consumption of these cigarettes, known as vaping, and lung injury (Evali) for its acronym in English.
The Evali, explained the specialist, causes respiratory difficulties, chest pain, cough, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting.
"An electronic cigarette represents a lethal dose for the body because it amounts to 40 packs of cigarettes," said the specialist.
He explained that the substances they contain are flavorings that have an important toxicity and produce the same effect as nicotine: addiction, affects neurocognitive development, causes cardiovascular damage, exacerbates cancer progression and delayed healing, to name a few.
He also pointed out that putting flavorings on these types of systems causes young people to seek to consume them. In fact, it is estimated that 80% of patients with this disease are under 35 years old.
In the latest report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, published earlier this month, it was revealed that in that country there are already 2,758 cases of Evali and have caused 64 deaths.
In addition, 76% of cases have occurred in people under 35 years.
In Mexico, he said, there is only one report of one death from this cause. However, he said there could be many more but there is no record in this regard.
In the same way, he said that it is estimated that between 5 and 7% of young people between 13 and 15 years of age who started in nicotine did so after trying electronic cigarettes.
"We must make it understood that these types of products are harmful to health," Zinser said.
He stressed that although the commercialization of this type of systems is prohibited in at least 30 countries of the world - among them Mexico - but “they are still sold” and many of them can be obtained online.
"The Internet is a parallel world and it is very difficult to regulate there," he said.
However, he said, the most important thing is to inform the population about the health damage these products have. "It's a latent risk," he said.
A group of associations, headed by the NGO Salud Justa Mx, asked the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) to deny the protection to the Sanborns company to be able to commercialize this type of products.
According to Erick Antonio Ochoa, director of Salud Justa MX, Sanborns said that the General Law for Tobacco Control regulates the consumption and marketing of tobacco products, “but prohibits the importation, advertising, marketing and other products that do not they are of tobacco, being that these do not cause affectation to the health ”.
However, the specialist reiterated that these products do cause damage and asked the judicial body not to give in to the company's request.
He recalled that for five years there have been amparos to sell these products but now there is greater evidence of health risks.
The resolution could be given this February 19. So we hope that the ministers consider the dramatic evolution recorded in these years associated with the use of such devices, ”said the expert.