Mexico is a country with so many natural destinations and so much culture. Among the classic sites to visit is located Chichén Itzá, etymologically it means “the city on the edge of the well of the Itzáes” is an archaeological site located in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, it is considered one of the most important cities of the Mayan civilization.
It is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico, and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988 and a Wonder of the World in 2007.
Now, the legendary Mayan city is back in the news this month, as a group of archaeologists revealed a group of structures that are believed to be part of a housing complex inhabited by the elite of the sacred city.
Archaeologist Francisco Pérez Ruiz said that there are no known residential groups at Chichén Itzá, which means that the housing complex would represent “the first residential group where a ruler lived with his entire family.”
It is estimated that in the near future the place known as Chichén Viejo will be integrated into the visitor area of the Chichén Itzá archaeological site, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The area has been deeply explored since 1998. Researchers from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) hope that this area and those that remain to be discovered can offer information about what life was like for the people who inhabited the city.
Analyzing history «the Itzáes settled in Chichén Itzá in the 9th century AD. It is believed that they were Putun or Chontal Mayans. They forged a vast domain with a unified culture whose center was Chichen Itza, as explained by the Government of Yucatan. Towards the end of the 10th century, the city was invaded by a predominantly warlike tribe: the Toltecs. This last invasion brought with it a new series of cultural elements, standing out the representation of the god-serpent Kukulkan».
The city was abandoned for reasons not entirely determined around 1250 AD. So great was the power of this city that centuries after its decline it was still a site of pilgrimage and worship, and even around the year 1540 AD. Francisco de Montejo, founder of Mérida, thought of building the capital there.
«Chichén Itzá came to cover 25 square kilometers. And the religious, cultural and administrative center covered about 6 square kilometers.
Published by The Tampa Herald, news and information agency.